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Canine Vaccines

Congratulations on your decision to have your dog vaccinated.  Vaccines are the cornerstones of preventive health care throughout your pet’s life.  When injected, a vaccine triggers the immune system to produce antibodies, which like soldiers, stand ready to defend against that invader in the future.  This antibody army needs periodic retraining and thus the need for regular revaccination.  There are many vaccines on the market today against numerous diseases.  We use the purest vaccines available to insure the best antibody response with minimal, if any, post vaccine reactions.  Following is a list of the vaccines offered at Pet Street Station Animal Hospital along with current recommendations on when they are appropriate. Our recommendations are in alignment with the latest AAHA Canine Vaccination Guidelines

  • Rabies:  This disease can be transmitted from your pet to you and your family.  New York State law says that all dogs must be vaccinated against rabies for public health protection.  The initial vaccination is one injection no earlier than 12 weeks of age. In puppies this is typically give between 12 and 16 weeks of age.  A booster one year later provides protection for 3 years and must be boosted every 3 years thereafter.
  • Distemper, Hepatitis, Parainfluenza, and Parvovirus (DHPP): This basic 4 in 1 vaccine, along with rabies, are the most essential. Puppies should start this vaccine around 8 weeks of age with boosters given at 12 and 16 weeks for full protection.  A booster is given 1 year following the last dose of the initial series and then once every 3 years for the life of your pet. 
  • Lyme:  The bacteria, Borrelia burgdorferi is the cause of Lyme disease and is transmitted by the bite of certain ticks.  We have seen an increase in the local tick population and cases of Lyme disease have been reported.  While Lyme does not pose a huge threat currently, it is a disease on the rise.  Puppies should be vaccinated near 9 weeks of age with a booster 3 – 4 weeks later and an annual booster thereafter.  This vaccine may be particularly important for dogs that hunt, field trial, or spend time in the woods or tall grass where ticks reside or who travel to other Lyme endemic areas of the country. 
  • Bordetella: Bordetella is the bacterial component of “Kennel Cough” or infectious canine tracheobronchitis. This bacterial infection is spread when dogs congregate.  Droplets from the cough transmit the infection quickly and easily.  The resultant cough can last up to 3 – 4 weeks and be quite severe. Many boarding kennels require the vaccine for your pet to stay.  It is also important protection for any dog who contacts others at shows, hunts, field trials, obedience classes, agility training or who just roam free and meet other dogs.  Puppies should start this vaccine around 8 weeks of age. Initially 2 vaccines are administered 3 – 4 weeks apart or a single intranasal vaccine is given with at least annual revaccination thereafter. 
  • Leptospirosis:  This bacterial infection is spread primarily by direct contact with infected urine or water infected by the urine of hosts such as raccoons, possums, deer, skunks, cattle etc.  The bacteria attack the kidneys and liver.  There has been a significant rise in cases reported in New York State.  Initial protection is by 2 vaccine injections 4 weeks apart starting no earlier than 12 weeks of age with annual booster vaccinations thereafter.
  • Canine influenza virus (CIV) is a highly contagious infection caused by a novel influenza virus first discovered in 2004. The incubation period is usually 2 to 4 days from exposure to onset of clinical signs. The highest amounts of viral shedding occur during this time; therefore, dogs are most contagious during this 2-4 day incubation period when they are not exhibiting signs of illness. Virus shedding decreases dramatically during the first 4 days of illness but may continue up to 7 days in most dogs and up to 10 days in some dogs. Because this is a newly emerging pathogen, all dogs, regardless of breed or age, are susceptible to infection Virtually all dogs that are exposed become infected with the virus, but approximately 80% develop clinical signs of disease. The vaccine is intended as an aid in the control of disease associated with CIV infection. Although the vaccine may not prevent infection altogether, vaccinated dogs that become infected develop less severe illness, including the incidence and severity of damage to the lungs, and are less likely to spread the virus to other dogs. The vaccine is intended for the protection of dogs at risk for exposure, which include those that either participate in activities with many other dogs or are housed in communal facilities. It is administered in two doses, 2 to 4 weeks apart starting no earlier than 6 weeks of age with annual booster vaccinations thereafter.
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